Creating an effective air filtration system is a balancing act. You want to maximize air flow while inhibiting the transfer of harmful contaminants that can damage or shorten the life of your equipment. In most industrial applications this is known as low-efficiency filtration. Contrary to more common situations, low-efficiency is actually a good thing in filtration. Think of a window screen as a filter. You want the cool summer breeze to cool your house but you want to keep the bugs out. We do the same thing in filtration. Determine what size particle will be harmful and we'll design a filter to catch it, without cutting off the air flow.
There are three types of permanent air filters: viscose impingement (permanent metal), dry type, and electrostatic. Airsan Corporation manufactures viscose impingement air filters (permanent metal air filters) and dry type air filters.
Viscose impingement filters are cleanable permanent metal air filters. These metal filters must be coated with an adhesive, usually a thin coating of oil, which catches and holds the particles as air passes through. Dry type filters usually consist of a permanent frame that holds disposable media, generally fiberglass or paper. The media is where particles are caught.
When designing an air filtration system, it is important to determine the amount of air flow that must be maintained. As the moving air strikes the filter, static pressure is created. The static pressure on a clean filter is known and easy to calculate. In use, as a filter begins to load with particles the air finds it more difficult to pass through and static pressure is increased. This increase is called pressure drop. When the pressure reaches a predetermined point, it is time to clean the filter or change the media.
These are some of the basics within the design and function of air filtration systems. At Airsan Corporation we are experts in every facet of filtration. Contact us, chances are we have the filter you need. If we don't have your filter we'll custom design one for you.
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